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    Donald Trump threatens to defund California public schools that teach New York Times’ 1619 project

    Donald Trump threatens to defund California public schools that implement New York Times’ 1619 project into its curriculum two days after he banned federal agencies from conducting racial sensitivity training

    • Donald Trump threatened to defund public schools in California that use the New York Times’ 1619 Project in its curriculum
    • He tweeted Sunday that the Department of Education is looking into schools teaching the project, that seeks to reframe American history and slavery
    • The Pulitzer-Prize winning collection of essays and photos published last year 
    • Project argues that nation’s birth and slavery started in 1619, not in 1776 with independence from Britain, with the arrival of the first slaves in Virginia 
    • On Friday Trump banned federal agencies from conducting racial sensitivity training calling it ‘un-American propaganda’

    Donald Trump threatened to defund schools in California that use the New York Times’ 1619 Project in the public school curriculum.

    On Sunday Trump retweeted a message from an unverified account saying the project would be taught in schools and shared: ‘Department of Education is looking at this. If so, they will not be funded!’ 

    The Pulitzer-Prize winning collection of essays, photo essays, poems, and short and short fiction pieces published last year seeks to reframe American history as starting on 1619, when the first slaves from Africa arrived to Virginia, rather than 1776, when the founding fathers declared independence from Britain. 

    Trump’s comments come after he banned federal agencies from conducting race sensitivity training related to ‘white privilege’ and ‘critical race theory’ on Friday. 

    On Sunday Donald Trump threatened to defund public schools in California that use the New York Times’ 1619 Project in its school curriculum

    The Pulitzer-Prize winning collection of essays, photo essays, poems, and short and short fiction pieces published last year seeks to reframe American history as starting on 1619, when the first slaves from Africa arrived to Virginia, rather than 1776, when the founding fathers declared independence from Britain.

    The Pulitzer-Prize winning collection of essays, photo essays, poems, and short and short fiction pieces published last year seeks to reframe American history as starting on 1619, when the first slaves from Africa arrived to Virginia, rather than 1776, when the founding fathers declared independence from Britain.

    Critical race theory asserts that ‘institutions are inherently racist and that race itself… is a socially constructed concept that is used by white people to further their economic and political interests at the expense of people of color’, according to Texas A&M University professor Tommy Curry.  

    Russell Bought, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, ordered heads of federal agencies to alter racial sensitivity training programs for employees in a two-page memo where he called such training ‘un-American propaganda.’

    That memo said: ‘Employees across the Executive Branch have been required to attend training where they are told that “virtually all White people contribute to racism” or where they are required to say that they “benefit from racism”‘. 

    He continues: ‘These types of “trainings” not only run counter to the fundamental beliefs for which our Nation has stood since its inception, but they also engender division and resentment within the Federal workforce.’

    Vought subsequently states: ‘The President has directed me to ensure that federal agencies cease and desist from using taxpayer dollars to fund these divisive, un-American propaganda training sessions.’ 

    The banning of the 1619 project is the latest effort by Trump against new progressive interpretations to history that he deems un-American.

    On Friday Trump tweeted that racial sensitivity training on white privilege and critical race theory is 'a sickness that cannot be allowed to continue'

    On Friday Trump tweeted that racial sensitivity training on white privilege and critical race theory is ‘a sickness that cannot be allowed to continue’

    Russell Bought, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, ordered heads of federal agencies to alter racial sensitivity training programs for employees in a two-page memo where he called such training 'un-American propaganda' on Friday

    Russell Bought, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, ordered heads of federal agencies to alter racial sensitivity training programs for employees in a two-page memo where he called such training ‘un-American propaganda’ on Friday 

    Following the project’s publication the Pulitzer Center was named an education partner for the project and announced its education team would develop education resources and curricula for teachers to use, which is online for free through the center.

    Some schools said they wanted to use the 1619 Project into their curriculum but some efforts have been thwarted.

    Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton, a Republican, introduced legislation that would ban schools from teaching the curriculum through the Saving American History Act of 2020.

    The bill would ‘prohibit the use of federal funds to teach the 1619 Project by K-12 schools or school districts. Schools that teach the 1619 Project would also be ineligible for federal professional-development grants.’

    Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton, a Republican, introduced legislation that would ban schools from teaching the 1619 Project through the Saving American History Act of 2020

    Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton, a Republican, introduced legislation that would ban schools from teaching the 1619 Project through the Saving American History Act of 2020

    This engraving shows the arrival of a Dutch slave ship with a group of African slaves for sale in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619

    This engraving shows the arrival of a Dutch slave ship with a group of African slaves for sale in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619

    New York Times’ 1619 Project 

    In August 2019 the New York Times Magazine published the 1619 project, a collection of essays, photo essays, short fiction pieces and poems aimed to ‘reframe’ American history based on the impact of slaves brought to the US.

    It was published to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the arrival of enslaved Africans in the English colonies.

    It argues that the nation’s birth was not 1776 with independence from the British crown, but in August 1619 with the arrival of a cargo ship of 20 to 30 enslaved Africans at Point Comfort in the colony of Virginia, which inaugurated the system of slavery.

    The project argues that slavery was the country’s origin and out of it ‘grew nearly everything that has truly made America exceptional.’

    That includes economic might, industry, the electoral system, music, public health and education inequities, violence, income inequality, slang, and racial hatred. 

    However, the project is debated among historians for its factual accuracy.

    In March 2020 historian Leslie M. Harris who served as a fact checker for the project said authors ignored her corrections, but believed the project was needed to correct prevailing historical narratives.

    One aspect up for debate is the timeline. 

    Time Magazine said the first slaves arrived in 1526 in a Spanish colony in what is now South Carolina, 93 years prior to the landing in Jamestown. 

    Some experts say slaves first arrived at present-day Fort Monroe in Hampton, instead of Jamestown. 

    Others argue the first Africans in Virginia were indentured servants as laws on lifetime slavery didn’t appear till 17th century and early 18th century, but worked essentially as slaves. 

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    The legislation is unlike to gain any traction in the Senate but voices political opposition to the reframed history.

    Trump has in the past defended Confederate statues, called the phrase ‘Black Lives Matter’ and symbol of hate, and threatened to withhold funding for liberal cities that saw civil unrest and protests decrying police brutality and racism.

    He and Attorney General William Barr have said they don’t believe systemic racism exists in the US.

    The 1619 project was an effort led by the New York Times and black writers to highlight the importance African slaves and black Americans had in building the US into the superpower it is today. 

    Some people believe the nation’s birth and the notion of slavery started in 1776, when the founding fathers declared independence from Britain.

    But the project argues it started in late August 1619 with the arrival of a cargo ship of 20 to 30 enslaved Africans at Point Comfort in the colony of Virginia, which inaugurated the system of slavery.

    The project argues that slavery was the country’s origin and out of it ‘grew nearly everything that has truly made America exceptional’ including economic might, industry, the electoral system, music, public health and education inequities, violence, income inequality, slang, and racial hatred. 

    Essay titles in the project include ‘America Wasn’t a Democracy Until Black Americans Made It One’, ‘American Capitalism Is Brutal. You Can Trace That to the Plantation, ‘Why Is Everyone Always Stealing Black Music?’, and ‘Why Doesn’t America Have Universal Healthcare? One word: Race.’

    However, the project is debated among historians for its factual accuracy.

    Time Magazine said the first slaves arrived in 1526 in a Spanish colony in what is now South Carolina, 93 years prior to the landing in Jamestown. 

    In March 2020 historian Leslie M. Harris who served as a fact checker for the project said authors ignored her corrections, but believed the project was needed to correct prevailing historical narratives. 

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